By George W. Holcomb III, J. Patrick Murphy
Acclaimed for its unsurpassed clarity and attainable scope, Ashcraft's Pediatric surgical procedure offers authoritative, functional advice on treating the total variety of surgical difficulties in babies, teenagers, and young people. the recent fifth variation maintains this wonderful legacy with its completely up-to-date assurance of today's sizzling themes together with the elevated use of minimally invasive surgical procedure (MIS) for pediatric sufferers, urology, bariatric surgical procedure in young people, and evidence-based remedies and results in childrens. specialist seek advice functionality-new to this edition-offers handy entry to the whole contents of the ebook, in addition to bonus surgical movies that show the various new thoughts and methods from the textual content that can assist you refine your talents.
* Covers the whole variety of surgical difficulties in babies, kids, and kids, for accomplished counsel in a single handy resource.
* bargains assurance of minimally invasive surgical procedure, together with laparoscopy and thoracoscopy, outlining the professionals and cons of every approach.
* Discusses well timed subject matters similar to bariatric surgical procedure in teenagers and evidence-based remedies and results in children.
* contains surgical videos-many new to this edition-which display tips on how to practice key techniques.
* Emphasizes a scientific concentration for a vast spectrum of pediatric surgical issues, for insurance that goals the cloth most vital to you.
* includes a undemanding layout that makes evaluate effortless for certification and recertification exams.
* areas an elevated emphasis on minimally invasive surgical procedure, reflecting the shift from open to closed tactics that let for swifter restoration and higher outcomes.
* provides a brand new specialise in evidence-based remedies and results, equipping you with today's top practices.
* bargains the entire textual content on-line, absolutely searchable, in addition to all the illustrations downloadable to your own shows, and entry to surgical movies at expertconsult.com.
* comprises over 900 illustrations-more than part new to this edition-that depict today's most sensible surgical practice.
* offers on-line references associated with PubMed for simple entry to abstracts and entire textual content articles.
Your buy entitles you to entry the website till the following variation is released, or until eventually the present version is not any longer provided on the market via Elsevier, whichever happens first. Elsevier reserves the perfect to provide an appropriate alternative product (such as a downloadable or CD-ROM-based digital model) may still entry to the website be discontinued.
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Additional info for Ashcraft's Pediatric Surgery
Regular anthropometric measurements plotted on a growth chart to assess the adequacy of caloric provision will allow relatively prompt detection of underfeeding or overfeeding in most cases. However, some critically ill children may be too sick for regular weights or have changes in body water that make anthropometric measurements unreliable. MACRONUTRIENT INTAKE Review of Protein Metabolism and Requirement during Illness Amino acids are the key building blocks required for growth and tissue repair.
Instead, it forms the ketone bodies acetoacetate and β-hydroxybutyrate. These ketone bodies are released by the liver to extrahepatic tissues, in particular, skeletal muscle and the brain, where they can be used for energy production in place of glucose. 102 Therefore, in surgical patients, ketone bodies do not significantly supplant the need for glucose and do not play a major role in the metabolic management of the pediatric stress response. In addition to their nutritional role, fatty acids profoundly influence inflammatory and immune events by changing lipid mediators and inflammatory protein and coagulation protein expression.
82 These include more dramatic aberrations in blood pressure (more constant decline), heart rate (progressive, persistent tachycardia), blood sugar level (severe, progressive hypoglycemia), acid-base status (severe acidosis), and oxygenation (severe hypoxemia). 5 vs. 1 hours) compared with the premature animal. The neonate’s host defense can usually respond successfully to ordinary microbial challenge. However, defense against major challenges appears limited and provides an explanation for the high mortality rate with major neonatal sepsis.