By Feng Zhou
This booklet stories the improvement of antifouling surfaces and fabrics for either land and marine environments, with an emphasis on marine anti biofouling. It explains the diversities and intrinsic dating among antifouling in land and marine environments, that are in response to superhydrophobicity and superhydrophilicity respectively. It covers a number of themes together with biomimetic antifouling and self-cleaning surfaces, grafted polymer brushes and micro/nanostructure surfaces with antifouling homes, in addition to marine anti biofouling. Marine anti biofouling comprises either ancient biocidal compounds (tributyltin, copper and zinc) and present eco-friendly, non-toxic antifouling innovations. This publication is meant for these readers who're attracted to greedy the basics and functions of antifouling.
Feng Zhou is a professor on the country Key Laboratory of good Lubrication, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, chinese language Academy of Sciences.
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Extra info for Antifouling Surfaces and Materials: From Land to Marine Environment
Many studies have reported that antifouling surfaces decorated with PEG and its derivatives cannot endure long-term stability due to the degradation or detachment of SAMs. Meanwhile, PEG has a number of inherent limitations, including thermal instability, non-degradability, susceptible to oxidation, especially under physiological conditions, and is difficult to functionalize. For example, PEG SAMs would decompose in the presence of oxygen and transition metal ions which were found in most biochemically relevant solutions [37, 77].
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PGs monolayers are as protein resistant as PEG SAMs, and they have higher thermal and oxidative stability as compared to PEG . In the following work, they used a series of polyglycerol (PG) dendrons modified by alkanethiols for their interactions with biofouling relevant proteins: fibrinogen (Fib), lysozyme (Lys), albumin (Alb), and pepsin (Pep). All polyglycerol dendrons SAMs with different terminal functionality (−OH, −OCH3) were prepared. A general decrease of nonspecific protein adsorption with an increasing molecular weight of the glycerol dendrons was observed, and the methylation of the terminal hydroxyl groups resulted in a significant improvement in protein resistance compared to hydroxyl-terminated PGs .