By Yifrah Kaminer, Oscar G. Bukstein
Twin prognosis of adolescent substance use issues and comorbid psychiatric issues needs to be handled concurrently to be potent. Adolescent Substance Abuse: Psychiatric Comorbidity and excessive possibility Behaviors offers best specialists supplying insightful viewpoints and dynamic feedback on how you can most sensible offer simultaneous therapy and built-in providers to those youths. The e-book covers the state-of-the-art within the box of substance use issues, reports assorted psychiatric issues and excessive probability behaviors, after which addresses the problem of built-in companies and moral, criminal, and coverage concerns bearing on this inhabitants. The textual content is generally referenced and a number of other chapters comprise beneficial tables and figures to obviously demonstrate the knowledge.
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Additional info for Adolescent Substance Abuse: Psychiatric Comorbidity and High Risk Behaviors
11, pp. 73-124), New York: Plenum. Riggs, P. , Mikulich, S. , Young, S. , & Crowley, T. J. (1995). Depression in substance-dependent delinquents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 34, 764-771. Chapter 1 Etiology of Substance Use Disorder: Developmental Perspective Ralph E. Tarter Michael Vanyukov INTRODUCTION Adolescence, broadly defined as the “teen” years, is featured by dramatic biological and psychological changes. Physique assumes adult appearance and reproductive maturation is completed.
As will be noted throughout this book, the clinical heterogeneity of SUD is immense; thus, a paramount issue at the outset pertains to accurate specification of this outcome. SUBSTANCE USE DISORDER: OUTCOME PHENOTYPE Substance use disorder is a polythetic syndrome; that is, no symptom is a necessary or a sufficient condition required for diagnosis. Accordingly, the configuration of symptoms is highly variable in the population which qualifies for SUD. The magnitude of heterogeneity is potentially immense due to the fact that only four of nine symptoms are required for diagnosis.
Hence, whereas the DSM-IV taxonomy groups SUD into ten categories, common genetic factors largely underlie the genetic risk for most or all of them. In addition to twin studies, the adoption paradigm is also capable of delimiting genetic and environmental influences on the variation in SUD liability. Goodwin, Schulsinger, Hermansen, Guze, and Winokur (1973) and Goodwin et al. (1974) observed that the risk for alcoholism in the offspring of alcoholics is higher than in the children of nonalcoholics even when they are separated from their biological parents early in life.