Download A Prehistory of Polymer Science by Gary Patterson Carnegie Mellon University PDF

By Gary Patterson Carnegie Mellon University

Polymer technology is now an energetic and thriving group of scientists, engineers and technologists, yet there has been a time, now not goodbye in the past, while there has been no such neighborhood. The prehistory of polymer technological know-how is helping to supply key insights into present matters and historic difficulties. the tale can be divided into an old interval ( from Greek instances to the production of the molecular consensus), a nascent interval (from Dalton to Kekule to van’t Hoff) and a interval of paradigm formation and controversy (from Staudinger to Mark to Carothers). The prehistory concludes with an account of the epochal 1935 dialogue of the Faraday Society on “Polymerization”. After this assembly an energetic group engaged in attempting to clear up the primary difficulties outlined by way of the discussions.

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1 Discussion Meeting of 1907 on Osmotic Pressure One of the signature activities of the Faraday Society was the public Discussion Meeting on controversial and highly relevant topics. ’’ The results were published in Volume 3 of the Transactions of the Faraday Society. The theoretical ideas of van’t Hoff [2] and the experimental developments of Pfeffer [3] had provided a sound basis for the active development of the experimental and theoretical field of Osmotic Pressure. The meeting was started with a presentation and *Presented to HIST, August 2010 G.

5 Discussion Meeting of 1932 on the Colloid Aspects of Textile Materials 35 reversible. Astbury immediately grasped the significance of this work for the understanding of conformation changes during stretching: the highly contorted initial macromolecules had to unfold to crystallize. H. ’’ But ample evidence is seldom enough to convince an entire community, such as the biological community, of the error of its position. Happily, the Meeting closed with an appeal from Staudinger for cooperation between synthetic chemists, colloid chemists and physical chemists in their pursuit of an understanding of fibrous materials.

Clarendon Press, Oxford 29. Staudinger H (1932) Die Hochmolekularen Organischen Verbindungen. Springer, Berlin 30. von Baeyer A (1872) Berichte der Deutchen Chemischen Gesellschaft 5:1094–1095 31. Michael A (1883) Am Chem J 5:338 32. Kleeberg W (1891) Annalen 263:263–283 33. Manasse O (1894) Ueber eine Synthese aromatischer Oxyalkohole. Berichte der Deutschen Chemischen Gesellschaft 27:2409–2413 34. Lederer L (1895) J Soc Chem Ind 14:297 35. Story WH (1905) J Soc Chem Ind 24:1081 36. Baekeland LH (1909) The synthesis, constitution, and uses of bakelite.

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