By Kären Wigen
K?ren Wigen probes neighborhood cartography, choerography, and statecraft to redefine recovery (ishin) in smooth eastern historical past. As built the following, that time period designates now not the short coup d'?tat of 1868 yet a three-centuries-long venture of rehabilitating an historical map for contemporary reasons. Drawing on quite a lot of geographical records from Shinano (present-day Nagano Prefecture), Wigen argues that either the founding father of the Tokugawa Shogunate (1600-1868) and the reformers of the Meiji period (1868-1912) recruited the classical map to serve the reason for administrative reform. Nor have been they by myself; provincial males of letters performed an both severe function in bringing imperial geography again to existence within the nation-state. to confirm those claims, Wigen strains the continued profession of the classical court's most crucial unit of governance--the province--in crucial Honshu.
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Extra resources for A Malleable Map: Geographies of Restoration in Central Japan, 1600-1912 (Asia: Local Studies Global Themes)
20 Devised at the height of Yamato power at the turn of the eighth century, this administrative map was only ruled by court-appointed governors for a few hundred years. Yet despite later encroachments on imperial power, the kuni and gun endured as geographical referents for introduction 9 a millennium. Their governors might be deposed, their territories carved up by armed bands, but the provinces and districts never faded entirely from view. Even as they lost most political functions, the kuni in particular persisted on maps and documents right down to the nineteenth century.
Courtesy of the Gifu Prefectural Library, Gifu. In the FusOkoku no zu (Plate 2), the old conventions are equally apparent, albeit in a diªerent idiom. Here, too, Yamashiro is positioned precisely in the middle of the nation, Edo is a distant outlier, and the road system shown is the old Kyoto-centric one. 19 In this antiquated image, Shinano remains a gateway to the east. Similar maps continued to be published throughout the eighteenth and into the nineteenth centuries, although most eventually dropped the ancient road network.
42 What remained constant was the interdependence of depictions and descriptions. Whether designed for the magistrate or the market, maps and gazetteers were constantly cross-referenced. Each was required for an informed reading of the other. 43 Five features may be said to characterize the portion of that archive that will be analyzed here. First, this book focuses on maps and texts that functioned panoramically, that is, those that took a wide-angle view of the terrain. This excludes both narrow native-place studies and most forms of travel writing, for dwelling and traveling create modes of apprehending space that diªer fundamentally from that of the chorographer.